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国际象棋格言

 

国际象棋的格言

●关于战术:

1)Theblunders are all there on the board, waiting to be made. – Tartakover 棋盘上失误充斥,它们等着被制造。——塔塔科维

2)The winnerof the game is the player who makes the next-to-last mistake. – Tartakover 对局的胜利者,是犯最后错误之前那个错误的人。——塔塔科维

3)There aretwo types of sacrifices: correct ones and mine. – Tal弃子有两种类型:正确的和属于我的。——塔尔

4)The pin ismightier than the sword. – Reinfeld 别针比宝剑还要犀利。——雷恩菲尔德 [译注:pin,别针、钉子、栓子;用于象棋术语指栓连、牵制战术,故有此说。

5)Discoveredcheck is the dive-bomber of the chessboard. – Fine闪(抽)将是棋盘上的俯冲轰炸机。——法因

6)In blitz,the knight is stronger than the bishop. – Vlastimil Hort 超快棋中,马强于象。——霍特

7)The schemeof a game is played on positional lines the decision of it, as a rule, iseffected by combinations. – Reti 对局的方案根据局面性路线而行;而它的决定,通常则由战术组合而生效。——列蒂

8)In theperfect chess combination as in a first-rate short story, the whole plot andcounter-plot should lead up to a striking finale, the interest not beingallayed until the very last moment. – Yates and Winter 完美的象棋组合犹如一篇第一流的短篇故事,正反双方应该导致一场最后的战斗终曲,直到最后那刻之前,趣味始终高涨。

——叶茨和温特

9)… I beganto succeed in decisive games. Perhaps because I realized a very simple truth:not only was I worried, but also my opponent. – Mikhail Tal ……我开始了在决定性的对局中获胜。可能是因为我认识到一个非常简单的事实:不仅我会紧张,我的对手也会。——塔尔

10)The tactician knows what to do when there is something to dowhereas the strategian knows what to do when there is nothing to do. – GeraldAbrahams 战术家在有所可行动时知道怎么做;而战略家在无所可行动时知道怎么做。阿伯拉罕斯 [译注:奇怪,网上别的地方说这是塔塔科维的话]

●中局和残局:

1)Before theendgame, the gods have placed the middlegame. – Tarrasch 上帝已把中局摆在残局之前。——塔拉什 [译注:另一版本,Between the opening and endgame thegods haveplaced the middlegame]

2)Every pawnis a potential Queen. – Mason 每一只兵都是潜在的后。——梅森

3)A PassedPawn increases in strength as the number of pieces on the board diminishes. -Capablanca 棋盘上棋子数目减少,通路兵威力上升。——卡帕布兰卡

4)The older Igrow, the more I Pawns – Paul Keres 我年纪越大,就越看重兵的价值。——凯列斯

●计划和分析:

1)Even a poorplan is better than no plan at all. – Mikhail Chigorin 哪怕是一个拙劣的计划也比完全无计划好。——奇戈林

2)It is not amove, even the best move, that you must seek, but a realisable plan. -Znosko-Borovsky 你需要找寻的不是一步棋,哪怕是最好的棋,而应该是一个合理的计划。——波罗夫斯基

3)Methodicalthinking is of more use in chess than inspiration. – Purdy 下棋时系统的思考比灵感更重要。——普迪

4)Chess isthe art of analysis. – Botvinnik 象棋是分析的艺术。——鲍特维尼克

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国际象棋的格言

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